Who is driving up transport prices in Singapore?

Even though Singapore is a small country, it is ironic that our cost of transport has increased up to the price of a small apartment.

COEs are getting more expensive

COEs are almost $50,000 now, and may possibly increase further due to private-hire car firms competing with the average individual COE bidder to secure large numbers of COEs. In response to complaints to stop these car firms from bidding for COEs, the LTA has come out to say it will “monitor the situation”.

Taxi/PHV fares are not cheap either

If you cannot get a car, your next option is to hire a taxi or private-hire vehicle (PHV) using an Uber or Grab app.

However these services can chalk up to $800 a month if you use them for a round trip to-and-from work every day, including weekend outings.

We wondered how Uber/Grab determines their fare structure, and if the Uber/Grab fares are comparable to taxi fares (even if it’s slightly cheaper), what is driving up the cost of taking taxis?

taxi phv
taxi phv

What do taxi/PHV commuters think about the industry?

We created our own dipstick survey to ask our friends who take taxis/PHVs on their views of this industry, and obtained some responses from Ministry of Transport (MOT) and Grab based on the survey.

Uber was unable to respond by the time this article was published and there was completely no response by Comfort Delgro and SMRT.

Q1 how frequently do you take a cab

Many commuters prefer Uber/Grab as it’s faster, cheaper and friendlier

More than 60% of respondents who take a taxi have switched to Uber/Grab. This is not surprising as it is very easy to pay without digging in your pocket for coins and you can track the driver’s ETA to pick you up.

Drivers are usually friendly as they need your good ratings to enjoy preferential access to future passengers (or so we heard).

Q2 have you switched to phv

Q3 why did you switch to phv

Are irrelevant taxi regulations driving up taxi fares?

Taxi drivers pay higher rentals for their taxis, compared to Uber/Grab drivers. Major contributors to this cost are:

  • profits the taxi companies earn off taxi drivers
  • the cost of complying with LTA regulations


Taxi rental cost structure
Taxi rental cost structure

42% of respondents think that taxis should be allowed to relax their regulations, such as covering 250km a day.

Q4 should taxis be allowed to relax regulation

With Uber/Grab services filling in the gaps, why do we need these availability regulations? How does driving around 250km a day ensure more commuters get a ride quickly?

There was no clear response by MOT regarding the removal of taxi availability standards.

Instead of deregulating such availability standards which may be obsolete, MOT is increasing regulations for private-hire industry to make it a “fairer playing field”.

Private Driver Vocational Licence
Private Driver Vocational Licence

8,000 to 10,000 drivers of PHV services will have to take a Private Hire Car Driver’s Vocational Licence (PDVL), register their cars with LTA and display a special decal.

In a way, this regulation protects commuters from pirate taxis and bad drivers (yes there are many out there).

But this shouldn’t distract us from the point that we may be paying more in taxi fares due to other regulations which may not be relevant anymore.

Commuters support more competition between taxis and PHVs

Q5 should competition be allowed btw taxi and phv

With complaints about taxi drivers being common, we asked Comfort Delgro and SMRT if they were looking into:

  • improving the service quality of their taxi drivers via training or,
  • allowing passengers to rate the drivers the way we can do so for Uber/Grab,

but there was no response.

What about letting taxi drivers dynamically pricing their fares to compete with Uber/Grab drivers? There are many questions about the possibility of a free taxi/PHV market we can explore to ensure that there is a “fairer playing field”, no?


Commuters support an association to represent PHV drivers

Q6 support or dont support nphva

With more PHV drivers in Singapore, it is inevitable there will be burning issues such as negotiating with MOT over regulations for PHV drivers and increasing benefits from Uber/Grab.

The National Private Hire Vehicle Association (NPHVA) aims to give PHV drivers a bigger voice towards MOT and Uber/Grab to collectively bargain for their interests as self-employed workers. We think this may ultimately benefit commuters too with better services, pricing and choices.

Uber was not able to respond to questions on the NPHVA, but Lim Kell Jay, Head of Grab Singapore, supports the formation of this association.

“Grab strives for a well-regulated and well-represented private-hire car (PHC) industry that will contribute to a healthy ecosystem of complementary transport services. The formation of the National Private Hire Vehicles Association (NPHVA) is another progressive step the nation is taking to support the long-term sustainability of the PHC industry, and ensure that the interests of PHC drivers are represented. 
It’s our priority to ensure that Grab drivers, our key partners who dedicatedly provide a safe and reliable service, have sustainable livelihoods. We are supportive of any industry initiative that benefits Grab drivers, and believe that the NPHVA will be a meaningful support network for PHC drivers. We are also honoured that one of our GrabCar drivers will be part of the Pro-tem Committee to represent the voices of Grab drivers. Such representation is timely and essential, especially as the PHC industry evolves and role of PHC drivers continues to be actively discussed in the public sphere. 
As we explore ways for collaboration with this new industry initiative, Grab remains steadfast in our commitment to care for our GrabCar drivers through our driver sustainability programme. We have initiatives to help them reduce costs such as providing free Grab Personal Accident Insurance, fuel discounts, subsidised mobile phones, as well as technology upgrades to make the booking process even more efficient to provide more jobs for our drivers.”
In the end, we can only hope that the taxi/PHV industry eventually moves towards one where commuters can easily get a ride at an affordable cost without unnecessary hassles.
  1. some of the Uber/ Grab car drivers wear bermuda shorts plus slipper and T-shirt only. They ferry passenger . why the passenger never complaint?
    If a taxi driver wear bermuda shorts plus slipper and T-shirt, his passenger sure complaint to LTA and take photo upload to Stomp !!!
    Is this call fair play ?

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